Essentials of Learning (Basics, Resources, Tips and Answers)

Learning is a process that tends to increase the potential and performance of an individual.

Understanding its meaning and how this process works is very important to become a true learner.

In this article, I will cover every single thing about the learning process that will help you in becoming a keen learner. So, without any further delay, let’s dive in!


What is learning?

If we go by the definition, learning is defined as a process that steer change. It is a result of experience and aims at increasing the performance and potential of an individual.

The change I’m talking about can be in the form of knowledge level, behavior or attitude. Learning allows a learner to see the world and its concept differently.

It is not something that can be taught to students. Instead, it is something that students acquire themselves. It is a clear result of the response of students to their interpretation and experiences.

What is the difference between learning and education?

Education and learning are two different aspects. While learning is the process of acquiring knowledge, ideas, skill and values, education is a process of passing all these from one generation to another.

Both education and learning have a deep impact on the mind and behavior of a person. But as a matter of fact, learning is the basic unit that is possessed by each and every individual.

Learning is an ongoing process meaning a person keeps on learning throughout his life, from the day he is born till the day he dies. On the other hand, education is acquired at a certain phase of life.

Moreover, education is formal while learning is informal.

What are learning theories?

There are five main learning theories including behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism, humanism and connectivism. The process of learning is defined by all these theories. Let’s discuss them in brief :


According to behaviorism theory, learning is defined as a process of acquiring knowledge through observation. In simple words, this theory signifies the importance of acquiring knowledge from real-world events and experiences.


As the name suggests, cognitivism focuses on the facets of mind such as memory, thinking, problem-solving and recalling. Just like behaviorism, it is also about learning through association but the difference is, it focuses on internal processing rather than the real-life events.


Constructivism is simply constructing the knowledge from understanding and previous experiences. It is similar to translating the theories in the conceptual forms that can be easily understood.


Similar to constructivism, humanism is also a student-centric theory. It focuses on the growth of mind.


Finally, connectivism is a theory that focuses on the future aspect. It takes into account the transformation of knowledge acquisition with time. For example, the changing nature of the learning process with our modern digital age.

What are the different types or styles of learning?

There are basically four types or styles of learning. Depending upon certain traits, learners fall into categories such as visual, auditory, Kinesthetic and reading /writing.

Visual learners

As the name suggests, students who learn better when the information is presented in a graphical form and known as visual learners. This learning style involves learning through pictures, charts, diagrams etc.

Auditory learners

Aural learners are the students who acquire knowledge better when it is presented in the vocal form. This is one of the most effective learning styles when adopted properly. It offers the most value to the learners.

Reading/writing learners

Individuals who process better by reading or writing about certain information falls into this learning style. This includes presentations, lectures, handouts, researching etc.

Kinesthetic learners

The individuals who learn by physically participating in the process are known as kinesthetic learners. They have the ability to use all of their senses while learning something.

So, this was all about the learning process, theories and learning styles. If you want to dive into the world of learning, even more, you can check out these amazing books: