Geology Quiz

1 Star 1Loading...

Welcome to the thrilling world of geology! Are you ready to unearth the secrets of the Earth’s complex and fascinating history?

Dive into our Free Online Geology Quiz and embark on an interactive journey through the layers of the Earth. Whether you’re a novice rock enthusiast or a seasoned geology expert, this quiz is designed to challenge and educate enthusiasts of all levels.

Discover intriguing facts about the Earth’s formation, identify different types of rocks and minerals, and gain valuable insights into the forces that shape our planet. It’s an engaging and informative experience that’s completely free!

So, why wait? Start your geological adventure today and delve into the captivating world beneath our feet!

Disclaimer: The hard questions in the Geology Quiz are challenging. To finish the game and reaching the master level typically requires a significant amount of grit, determination and perseverance. I you want to learn more about geology check out our article about Geology as a passion.

Question 1:

What type of rock is formed from the cooling and solidification of magma or lava?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the origin of the rock.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Igneous rock - Igneous rocks are formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.

Question 2:

Which type of rock is formed by the accumulation and compression of sediment?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the processes of sediment accumulation and compression.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Sedimentary rock - Sedimentary rocks are formed by the accumulation and compression of sediment over time.

Question 3:

What is the process by which rocks are broken down into smaller particles?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the processes that cause rocks to break down.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Weathering - Weathering is the process of rocks being broken down into smaller particles through various mechanical and chemical processes.

Question 4:

Which type of rock is formed from the alteration of existing rock through heat, pressure, or chemical processes?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the changes that can occur to existing rock.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Metamorphic rock - Metamorphic rocks are formed from the alteration of existing rock through heat, pressure, or chemical processes, typically deep within the Earth's crust.

Question 5:

What is the process of rocks and minerals being worn down and broken into smaller pieces by wind, water, ice, and gravity?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This process involves the breakdown of rocks by natural forces.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Weathering - Weathering is the process by which rocks and minerals are broken down into smaller pieces through natural forces such as wind, water, ice, and gravity.

Question 6:

Which type of rock is formed from the cooling and solidification of molten materials?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This type of rock is formed from molten materials.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Igneous rock - Igneous rocks are formed from the cooling and solidification of molten materials such as magma or lava.

Question 7:

What is the process by which sediments are pressed together to form solid rock?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This process involves the pressing together of sediments to form rock.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Compaction - Compaction is the process by which sediments are pressed together under pressure to form solid rock.

Question 8:

Which mineral is commonly used in jewelry and is often found in granite and pegmatite?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This mineral is often used in jewelry and is found in granite.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Quartz - Quartz is a mineral commonly used in jewelry and is often found in granite and pegmatite formations.

Question 9:

What type of rock is formed from the alteration of existing rock through heat, pressure, or chemical processes?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This type of rock undergoes changes through heat, pressure, or chemical processes.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Metamorphic rock - Metamorphic rock is formed from the alteration of existing rock through heat, pressure, or chemical processes, resulting in a new type of rock with different characteristics.

Question 10:

What is the term for a naturally occurring solid aggregate of one or more minerals or mineraloids?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the definition of a naturally occurring solid material made up of minerals.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Rock - Rocks are composed of one or more minerals and can vary in composition and appearance.

Question 11:

Which of the following is not a type of sedimentary rock?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Consider the formation process of different types of rocks.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Granite - Granite is formed from the cooling and solidification of molten materials, making it an igneous rock.

Question 12:

Which mineral is commonly found in metamorphic rocks and is used in the production of roofing materials and decorative objects?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the distinctive properties and uses of different minerals found in rocks.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Mica - Mica is known for its ability to be split into thin, transparent sheets and is commonly used in various industrial applications.

Question 13:

What is the process by which rocks are changed into different types of rocks through heat, pressure, or chemical processes?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Consider the process of rock transformation due to geological forces.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Metamorphism - Metamorphism involves the transformation of existing rocks into new types of rocks due to changes in temperature, pressure, or chemical reactions.

Question 14:

What is the term for a fragment of a rock that has become wedged within another type of rock?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the different types of rock fragments and their geological significance.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Xenolith - Xenoliths are often brought to the surface by volcanic activity and provide insights into the composition of the Earth's mantle.

Question 15:

What is the study and collection of rocks called?

Click to see Hint ⬇
The study of rocks and minerals.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Lapidary - Lapidary is the craft of cutting, shaping, and polishing gemstones and minerals, as well as the study and collection of them.

Question 16:

What is the hardest naturally occurring mineral on Earth?

Click to see Hint ⬇
It's a gemstone known for its hardness and brilliance.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Diamond - Diamond is composed of carbon atoms arranged in a strong crystal lattice, making it the hardest mineral known.

Question 17:

Which mineral is commonly used in making countertops and sculptures due to its durability and attractive appearance?

Click to see Hint ⬇
It's a common material used in kitchen countertops.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Granite - Granite is an igneous rock composed mainly of quartz and feldspar, making it suitable for various architectural and decorative applications.

Question 18:

What is the process by which rocks are broken down into smaller pieces by physical or chemical means?

Click to see Hint ⬇
It's the initial step in the formation of sedimentary rocks.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Weathering - Weathering encompasses various processes such as mechanical weathering and chemical weathering that lead to the breakdown of rocks.

Question 19:

What is the most common rock type found on Earth's surface?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the rock types commonly seen in landscapes.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Granite - Granite is the most widespread rock type on the Earth's surface due to its abundance and durability.

Question 20:

What is the process of turning sediments into solid rock?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the process that occurs after sediments are deposited.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Compaction - Compaction occurs when sediments are buried and compressed, leading to the formation of solid rock.

Question 21:

What is the scale used to measure the hardness of minerals?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the scale commonly used in mineralogy.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Mohs scale - The Mohs scale ranks minerals based on their scratch resistance, providing a relative measure of hardness.

Question 22:

Which type of rock is formed from the alteration of pre-existing rock through heat, pressure, or chemical processes?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This type of rock results from intense heat and pressure.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Metamorphic rock - Metamorphic rocks are formed from pre-existing rock that undergoes physical or chemical changes due to heat, pressure, or chemically active fluids.

Question 23:

Which mineral is commonly used in rock collecting to test for magnetism?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This mineral is strongly magnetic.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Magnetite - Magnetite is a naturally occurring mineral that exhibits strong magnetism and is often used in rock collecting to test for magnetic properties.

Question 24:

What is the term for the process by which rocks are broken down into smaller pieces by physical or chemical means in a specific location?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This process involves the breakdown of rocks in a specific area.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Weathering - Weathering is the process by which rocks are broken down into smaller pieces through physical or chemical means, and it can occur in a specific location.

Question 25:

Which national park is known for its stunning rock formations such as Delicate Arch and Balanced Rock?

Click to see Hint ⬇
This park is named after its distinctive geological features.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Arches National Park - Arches National Park in Utah is renowned for its natural sandstone arches and other rock formations.

Question 26:

What is oryctology the study of?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Oryctology is related to geology.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Rocks - Oryctology, also known as petrology, is the branch of geology that deals with the scientific study of rocks and their formation.

Question 27:

Which of the following is not a type of rock?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about geological classifications.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Solar - Solar is not a type of rock; it refers to the sun. Igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic are the three main types of rocks.

Question 28:

Which type of rock is formed from the cooling and solidification of magma or lava?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the origin of the rock.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Igneous - Igneous rocks are formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava. This process creates the characteristic texture and composition of igneous rocks.

Question 29:

Which type of rock is often formed from the accumulation and compression of sediment?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about the formation process.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Sedimentary - Sedimentary rocks are formed from the accumulation and lithification of sediments, including minerals, organic particles, and other rock fragments.

Question 30:

What is the process by which one type of rock transforms into another due to heat and pressure?

Click to see Hint ⬇
Think about changes in rock structure.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Metamorphism - Metamorphism is the solid-state recrystallization of pre-existing rocks due to changes in temperature, pressure, and chemical environment.

Question 31:

What type of rock is most commonly associated with the preservation of fossils?

Click to see Hint ⬇
It forms from the accumulation of sediments.
Click to see Answer ⬇
Sedimentary rock - Sedimentary rock forms from layers of sediment, making it a common medium for fossil preservation.